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A Better Tomorrow

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CALVERT SHORES-POSSIBLE FORMS OF GOVERNMENT


Forms of Municipal Government

The principal elected officials in Maryland's incorporated municipalities are usually the mayor and members of the council. In some municipalities, the mayor may be known as burgess or president and the councilmembers may be known as alderman, councilors, or commissioners.

While no two municipalities are precisely alike, each falls into one of the structural categories common to all municipal governments in the United States. The structure of the government for a particular city or town, as it is provided for in the municipal charter, defines the specific responsibilities of elected officials.

Strong Mayor-Council

Structure
Mayor elected at large; council elected by districts; possible partisan election (mayor separate from council) Appointment Powers

Management Authority

Budget Authority & Process

Ordinance Powers

Weak Mayor-Council
Structure
Mayor elected at large; council elected by districts; partisan election
Appointment Powers
Management Authority
Budget Authority & Process
Ordinance Powers
Council-Manager
Structure
Five to nine council members, including the mayor, elected at large; non-partisan election; sometimes council members select mayor from among themselves
Appointment Powers
Management Authority
Budget Authority & Process
Ordinance Powers
Commission
Structure
Three to seven commissioners elected at large; non-partisan election Appointment Powers
Management Authority
Budget Authority / Process
Ordinance Powers